The core reading is located in Tibet, which is located in high -cold areas. For reasons such as excessive grazing and grassland degeneration, it is faced with grass and livestock contradictions and ecological problems.
In recent years, Tibet has promoted artificial grass planting projects in Naqu, Shigatse and other places, accelerated the transformation and upgrading of animal husbandry, and came out of a "grass -cultivated land, grass -breeding livestock, forest and grass work, sand gathered together in the forest and grass" that were suitable for plateau. The road of grass industry development.
There is a large area of ??natural grasslands in Tibet. Grass animal husbandry is the basic industry that local farmers and herdsmen depend on survival and development.
"In Naqu, Ali, etc., due to long -term excessive grazing, coupled with high altitude, cold, and drought, the low grass production and slow recovery after degeneration have led to different degrees of grassland degeneration, weakened ecological functions, and decreased productivity.
Yu Chengqun, director of the Tibet Plateau Grass Industry Technology Research Center. Since 2010, Tibet has promoted artificial grass projects in the entire region to alleviate the grassland ecological safety issues caused by the contradictions of grass and livestock, accelerate the transformation and upgrading of animal husbandry, and relieve the transformation and upgrading of animal husbandry. The pressure of grassland resources and environment has obtained good ecological and economic benefits. "In such a high place in altitude, I did not expect grass to be successful." A few days ago Personnel are preparing grass seeds and fertilizers. According to reports, because of the high cold climate, the soil has not thawed in April, and grass can be officially started at the end of May.
"In such a high place, I did not expect that the grass was successful. Here, the average oats were high, and the high can be tadpie.
Yan Jun, a animal -priest of Grassland Station in Naqu City, said that in 2021, they created a full -process mechanized regional artificial grass model at the Wan Mu Organic Fedry Base in Nima County, which accelerated the transformation and upgrading of the grass herdsmanship and the recovery of grassland.
As a major animal husbandry production base in Tibet, the grassland has a large area, but the altitude and the ecological environment are very fragile. To this end, the relevant departments of Naqu City took the species to screen and promote the high -quality pastoral varieties that are suitable for high -cold pastoral areas, increased the total amount of pasture, reduce the pressure of grassland, and alleviate the contradictions and grassland degradation issues caused by pastoral.
The webmaster and senior animal pastor of Naqu City Prairm Station led the team to have been committed to the screening and screening of pastoral grass for a long time.
After more than 10 years of hard work, they introduced more than 100 species of pasture from inside and outside the area, successfully screening 19 species of pastoral grass species planted in different areas of Naru, and successfully promoted high -quality high -yielded herds of grass oats in 2021. After the house, 10,000 acres are planted.
"At present, we have explored 4 regional artificial grass models, namely the" front house behind the house and the circle nest ‘of the past few acres of land for the pastoral households. Cao animal husbandry science and technology innovation demonstration village ‘artificial grass planting, the "moderate scale’ of the" moderate scale ‘of the cooperatives and the breeding of hundreds of acres of the cooperatives and the breeding households, and the "full -process mechanization’ artificial species of large -scale cooperatives and enterprises with large -scale cooperatives and enterprises Grass mode.
"Danju Rob said that the development of regional artificial grass, in terms of preventing and controlling soil and soil loss, wind sand and desertification, improved the output of forage, and accelerated the ability of natural grassland self -repair, etc., all have promoting effects.
"Now not only can cattle and sheep be full, our village is also beautiful." It is located in Nirura Township, Kangma Prefecture, Shigatse, located in the northern foot of the Himalayas. Workers are planning in an orderly manner on the 10,000 acres of artificial grass bases. Scene.
"We are preparing to continue planting purple flowers, oats and green wheat grass this year." Nirvana Township Chief Gama Dada said that over the past 6 years, Nirvanu Township has opened up 10,000 acres of artificial grass bases, and it has built supporting facilities. The sheep breeding industry and grass particles production line make the village greener and beautiful, and also increase income to the masses.
The 41 -year -old Zhanduo is a villager in Gongba Village, Nirura Township. He went out to work for two or three months in the past year, and worked at home for the rest of the house. The annual income was about 10,000 yuan.
Since there is a cooperative, it has been busy than before. "I am mainly feeding sheep in the cooperative now. There are 4,500 yuan per month, and there are dividends at the end of the year." Zhandu said happily. "At the Tower of Poverty and Relocation of Easy Earth, at the end of the year, it can be dividend at the standard of 70 yuan per sheep. Last year, 400 villagers in the township participated in the dividends, totaling more than 500,000 yuan.
"The person in charge of the cooperative introduced that in addition, the cooperative also attracted more than 200 employment in the project area.
Workers are busy in the cooperative’s forage processing workshop. According to Li Xin, in the next step, they will increase the added value of forage, make full use of dried green grass, and produce granular feed. "Now not only can cow and sheep be full, but our village has become beautiful.
"66 -year -old villager Lun Zhu said.
In recent years, relevant Tibetan departments have vigorously developed artificially planting grass, planting grass, raising animals, forests and grass, and fixing water in accordance with the work ideas of "policy quotation, project promotion, technical promotion, and typical belt". At present, the reserved area of ??artificial grass in the region has reached 1.57 million mu.
"Let each grass give full play to its ecological and economic benefits." The director of the Tibet Autonomous Region (Tibet Autonomous Region Remote Sensing Application Research Center) said that artificial grass is the material basis for alleviating grass and livestock contradictions and consolidating the development of animal husbandry. Governing the ecological environment and other aspects plays a positive role. According to Yu Chengqun, Tibet is currently facing environmental problems such as degeneration, desertification and desertification.
Artificial grass has obvious advantages in the production, quality and anti -natural interference, regional soil and water conservation, and ensuring the stability of pasture resources.
Studies have shown that compared with grasshopper grounds, the ground runoff is reduced by 47%and the amount of scouring is reduced by 77%.
Artificial grass grows rapidly. Large -scale development of artificial grass can also effectively reduce the erosion of wind to the soil and effectively sand.
Screening appropriate forage varieties and carrying out artificial grassland construction will help improve the conditions of soil nutrients and improve vegetation coverage, height and density.
Artificial grass plant leaves are large, the use of light energy and productivity is higher, and the capacity of forage has stronger air purification.
In recent years, in order to quickly, accurate, and scientifically judge the effectiveness of artificial grass, the Tibet Autonomous Region Remote Sensing Research Center has used high -resolution satellite remote sensing data to select 153 in the 1066 artificial grass plots provided by the Autonomous Region Agricultural Animal Hall. The typical land is carried out on the analysis and evaluation of artificial grass satellite remote sensing monitoring.
The analysis results show that the pastoral planting area of ??pasture is growing up.
"Artificial grass has enabled natural pastures to rest, and at the same time, it has played a significant role in the production, quality, anti -natural interference, and regional soil and water conservation.
"Bian Duo said, next, they will continue to use remote sensing technology to continue to increase the monitoring of artificial grass, improve the level of research and application in the aspects of the use of remote sensing technology to evaluate the appropriateness of grass species. Sexual evaluation work, avoid blind planting, ensure grass -growing grass, and allow each grass to give play to its ecological and economic benefits. "Turn design: Zhang Fangman.